Powered by Bravenet Bravenet Blog

Subscribe to Journal

Friday, April 30th 2010

10:16 PM

Trip to Punjab, India 15 March 2010 to 2 April 2010

The write up below describes the current situation in Punjab based on my recent visit. Though being the richest state or it's also called the bread basket of India, but the living conditions are far from being desired. During the visit, i also had an opportunity to share some of my thoughts and ideas on environmental issues in a village in Punjab and there were also sessions on Introduction to Internet/ IT as well as Training for a Marathon. This sessions were conducted in Punjabi (native language of Punjab), i would also endeavour to do this in English. Please click the link below to view it on youtube.


Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKSY_YY36pE


Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sczyLwLFhS4

 

Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lKh8lQFIGPc



Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NOc3-kq2T7c


Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 5
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfYzj22J1Mc


Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 6
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvR1bEqHSR8


Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 7
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzyrhhwWEr4


Training for a Marathon - Explained in Punjabi Part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pn1BvA_KcAs


Training for a Marathon - Explained in Punjabi Part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7YTQd-k2ow


Infrastructure and Environmental Issues in Punjab, India - Part 1.wmv
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukt8RoeKb4o


Introduction to Movie Making and Broadcasting in Punjabi
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vg-ZE5B9Wic


Closing Remarks on IT Presentation in Punjabi .wmv
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sS8calapUG8
 

Infrastructure Issues in Punjab

The infrastructure in Punjab is far from being desired especially roads, pollution, water supply, sanitation and electricity. The following notes are experiences of most visitors (NRIs) who visit Punjab on a regular basis.

1. Electricity

 

Most villages do not have power supply during the day which includes schools and small hospitals or clinics. If ever there is power it is only at night. This leaves little choice especially for institutions or organization that would need power continuously through out the day such as banks, hospitals, schools – but to mobilise their own generators as an alternative source. India being a net importer of oil, the cost of running a generator is expensive or only the elite could afford it. Part of this problem is attributed to the perception of general population that they should not pay for the electricity; the mindset of people has to be changed so that they understand that you got to pay for services provided. While India is facing a power crunch, they should be looking at alternative sources especially solar and wind which has been widely used in most parts of Europe.

 

2. Water Supply

 

Over the years the water table has dropped significantly in most parts of Punjab. There was a time in 1960s farmers were able to extract water using manual methods, i.e. bulls used to turn the buckets (Halts/Thindhas), the depth of water was approximately 10m. The current water table is generally now at 30m which is extracted by electrical motors. However, the situation has further deteriorated that the centrifugal pumps are now being changed to submersible pumps as the capacity of this pumps are lower. In spite of changing to submersible pumps (in Punjabi is called Machi Pump), the power cables are not able to provide sufficient power as the diameter of the cables are the same, which results to an overload.

 

Drinking water is similarly in dire states so much so that most villages have elevated water tanks which extract water from a depth of about 100m. The depth of drinking water has increased partly due to the infiltration of chemicals (nitrates, phosphates etc.) into the ground water table.

 

Thus, the situation of drinking water and irrigation of farms in Punjab would only worsen unless remedial measures are put in place in more systematic manner. Some of the measures include - educating the population in controlling wastages, building or to bund lakes for long term storage, dispersing water from the 5 major rivers so that its usage is maximised.

 

3. Sanitation

 

India in general lacks proper sanitation where water borne diseases such as diarrhea, cholera etc. are rampant in most parts of the country. It has been reported that over 700million people have no access to basic sanitation, i.e. three out of four Indians.

 

Small townships or villages need a proper sewage system whereby wastewater discharged from households are channeled into a piping system which eventually goes into a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). Proper standards need to be established for the effluent that leaves the STP so that the water that goes back into rivers does not have microorganism or chemicals that could cause harm to people.

 

Punjab would need installation of toilets known as the Sulabh – a twin pit, pour flush toilet developed by Sulabh Sanitation Movement which requires 1.5 liters to flush instead of 10 liters.

 

4. Roads and Pollution

 

The general road situation in Punjab is below par as compared to most developing economies such as China, Russia and Brazil. The road width and road base does not meet the normal standards adopted globally, in which roads are not wide enough to cater for two way traffic. The minimum standards are 7m of pavement with earth shoulder of 3m on each side. The continuous plying of buses on heavy lorries on these roads, rendered the road to be riddled with potholes and undulation. Maintenance is generally lacking which leads to broken and damaged roads. The pollution of the environment is in a way related to the maintenance of the roads. The breakup of the blacktop surface exposes the earth which pollutes the environment when vehicles travel on the roads.

 

Flowers - varity of species and colors at a Sikh Temple. The dates shown on some of the pictures are incorrect, should be end March 2010.

Rich In Architecture - Domes and Fascade of Sikh Temples and white signifies pure, peace and calm.

The Golden Temple, Amritsar. The four doors to the temple symbolises that it's open to the entire humanity. The only requirement is that one must cover his/her head and must not be intoxicated.

Perimeter of the Golden Temple is about 600m, there is a causeway that leads from this perimeter
to the Golden Temple. Please visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmandir_Sahib for further information.

A smaller replica of a Hindu Temple - Durgiana Mander built about 2km away from the Golden Temple.

Visited the temple with 2 cousins from Canada (Taranjit Kaur and Gurkirat Kaur)

Typical farmland in a village in Punjab. No portion of the land is left uncultivated. During winters - main crop is wheat and vegetables such as cauliflower, potatos etc. and summers is rice.

Wheat  has almost reached it's final stage, harvest is in mid April which coincides with Vaisakhi celebration.

Water extraction with tube wells and submersible pumps.  Depletion of water with water table
going deeper has become a serious issue not only in Punjab but worldwide.

The village head (or called Serpanch) Charnjit Singh showing a clove of garlic.

Activites such as horse riding, cricket, kabadi (wrestling) are some common sports in villages.

Beside cultivation, dairy products are also a main source of export from Punjab.

30 Comment(s).

Posted by Projeksiyon Lambası:

Projeksiyon Lambası
Monday, June 28th 2021 @ 1:03 PM

Posted by Ingrid:

Pretty! This has been an extremely wonderful article. Many thanks for supplying this info.


Feel free to visit my page: check here
Tuesday, June 22nd 2021 @ 12:25 PM

Posted by Tawanna:

It's in point of fact a great and helpful piece of info.
I am happy that you shared this helpful information with us.
Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.


Have a look at my webpage; check here
Tuesday, June 22nd 2021 @ 2:33 AM

Posted by Ernestine:

I like it when people come together and share ideas.
Great website, stick with it!

Here is my site ... get more info
Sunday, June 20th 2021 @ 10:07 PM

Posted by Danilo:

There's certainly a lot to learn about this topic.
I like all of the points you have made.

Here is my web-site - read more
Saturday, June 19th 2021 @ 9:57 AM

Posted by Caroline:

Thanks for every other informative site.
The place else may I get that kind of info written in such a perfect manner?
I have a project that I'm simply now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such
information.

My homepage ... more info
Saturday, June 19th 2021 @ 9:39 AM

Posted by Josette:

Thanks for sharing such a fastidious thought, article is pleasant, thats why i have
read it entirely

Stop by my web site; 샌즈카지노 쿠폰
Saturday, June 19th 2021 @ 6:14 AM

Posted by Tanesha:

Click on the Bus route to see step by step directions with
maps, line arrival times and updated time schedules.

Feel free to visit my web site; 토토사이트검증
Friday, June 18th 2021 @ 2:09 AM

Posted by Doyle:

We stumbled over here by a different web page and thought I should check things out.
I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to going over your web page
repeatedly.

Also visit my webpage :: click here
Thursday, June 17th 2021 @ 9:22 PM

Posted by Cleta:

Can I simply just say what a relief to discover somebody that truly
understands what they're talking about online. You definitely know how to
bring an issue to light and make it important.
A lot more people need to check this out and understand this side of your story.

I was surprised you're not more popular since you most certainly
possess the gift.

Feel free to surf to my page get more info
Thursday, June 17th 2021 @ 9:18 PM

Posted by Projeksiyon Lambaları:

Projeksiyon Lambaları
Wednesday, June 16th 2021 @ 3:26 PM

Posted by Milton:

I quite like looking through an article that will make men and women think.
Also, thank you for allowing for me to comment!


my site - check here
Tuesday, June 15th 2021 @ 3:18 PM

Posted by Sophia:

Hey! I'm at work browsing your blog from my new iphone 4!
Just wanted to say I love reading through
your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the great work!



Have a look at my blog post 유흥알바
Monday, June 14th 2021 @ 10:47 AM

Posted by Shah Sekhon:

The explanation of situation in Punjab, India are rather thought provoking.
Sunday, June 13th 2021 @ 9:28 PM

Posted by keto diet cookbook for beginners:

you are in reality a just right webmaster. The site loading pace is amazing.
It sort of feels that you're doing any unique trick.
Also, The contents are masterwork. you've done a wonderful activity in this subject! http://www.brijj.com/james-land-2?route=head
Sunday, June 13th 2021 @ 9:25 PM

Posted by Noelia:

This article is genuinely a pleasant one it assists new the web visitors, who are
wishing in favor of blogging.

my blog; click here
Sunday, June 13th 2021 @ 10:41 AM

Posted by Dallas:

certainly like your web-site but you need to take a look at the spelling
on several of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to tell
the reality however I will certainly come again again.

my web blog read more
Sunday, June 13th 2021 @ 9:46 AM

Posted by Shaunte:

I absolutely love your blog and find many of your post's to be precisely what I'm looking for.
Do you offer guest writers to write content for you? I wouldn't mind publishing a post or elaborating on a few of the subjects you write related to here.

Again, awesome website!

Look into my web site: 카지노사이트주소
Friday, June 11th 2021 @ 7:09 AM

Posted by escorts in bahria town:

The Escorts industry is popular for the services and treatments that it offers its customers. You can get the benefits from us that range from intimate services to body messages. However, our Luxury Escorts in Islamabad are also well-known for being the picture-perfect mate for appearing in social events. If you have the plan to attend distinct occasions like business escorts in bahria town meets and trips, then our Top Escorts would certainly strengthen your presence.
Friday, June 11th 2021 @ 6:58 AM

Posted by Beth:

When I initially commented I clicked the "Notify me when new comments are added" checkbox and now each
time a comment is added I get several e-mails
with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove
me from that service? Cheers!

Visit my blog post; 안전놀이터
Friday, June 11th 2021 @ 1:09 AM

Posted by snapchat 4.2.2 apk:

Wow, awesome weblog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
you made running a blog glance easy. The entire glance of your website
is wonderful, let alone the content material! http://tojeenga.com/index.php?a=profile&u=robertd813
Thursday, June 10th 2021 @ 6:36 PM

Posted by دعم سناب:

Great site. A lot of helpful info here. I am sending it to a few buddies ans also sharing in delicious.

And certainly, thanks in your sweat! https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/1410057.page
Thursday, June 10th 2021 @ 4:48 PM

Posted by Tobias:

What's up every one, here every person is sharing these knowledge, thus it's nice to read this web site, and I used to go to see this weblog every day.


Also visit my blog post 콘텐츠정보이용료
Thursday, June 10th 2021 @ 4:44 PM

Posted by دعم سناب:

I don't know if it's just me or if perhaps everybody
else experiencing issues with your site. It appears like some of the text
within your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me
know if this is happening to them too? This might be a problem with my web
browser because I've had this happen before. Thanks https://www.apaci.com.au/UserProfile/tabid/43/userId/30940/Default.aspx
Thursday, June 10th 2021 @ 1:25 PM

Posted by Beryl:

Hello, I enjoy reading through your article.
I wanted to write a little comment to support you.

Feel free to visit my web site - 여성일자리
Thursday, June 10th 2021 @ 11:55 AM

Posted by Stewart:

Thanks in favor of sharing such a fastidious opinion, article is fastidious, thats why i have read it fully

Also visit my web site https://verify-365.com
Wednesday, June 9th 2021 @ 8:35 PM

Posted by Caryn:

There are numerous elements to take into account when evaluating this criteria.


Also visit my webpage 메이저토토사이트
Wednesday, June 9th 2021 @ 3:20 PM

Posted by Lynwood:

Everything is very open with a precise clarification of the issues.
It was definitely informative. Your site is very helpful.

Thank you for sharing!

my site - 유흥구인사이트
Wednesday, June 9th 2021 @ 11:09 AM

Posted by Erwin:

It's difvicult to find well-informed people about thios topic, however,
you sound like you know what you're talkingg about! Thanks

Also visit my webb blog - check More
Wednesday, June 9th 2021 @ 8:08 AM

Posted by Jermaine:

We stumbled over here differwnt page and thought
I might as wsll check thhings out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
Look forward to looking at your web page for a second
time.

Take a look at my site just click the next website page
Wednesday, June 9th 2021 @ 6:17 AM

Post New Comment

This Blog owner requires you to have a Bravenet Blog account in order to post to this entry. If you have a Blog account, enter your username and password below.
No Smilies More Smilies »