Powered by Bravenet Bravenet Blog

Subscribe to Journal

Friday, April 30th 2010

10:16 PM

Trip to Punjab, India 15 March 2010 to 2 April 2010

The write up below describes the current situation in Punjab based on my recent visit. Though being the richest state or it's also called the bread basket of India, but the living condtions are far from being desired. During the visit, i also had an opportunity to share some of my thoughts and ideas on environmental issues in a village in Punjab and  there were also sessions on Introduction to Internet/ IT as well as Training for a Marathon. This sessions were conducted in Punjabi (native language of Punjab), i would also endeavour to do this in English. Please click the link below to view it on youtube.


Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKSY_YY36pE 
 
Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sczyLwLFhS4 
 
 
Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lKh8lQFIGPc
 
 
Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NOc3-kq2T7c 
 
 
Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 5
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfYzj22J1Mc
 
 
Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 6
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvR1bEqHSR8 
 
Introduction to IT and Internet in Punjabi Part 7
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzyrhhwWEr4 
 
Training for a Marathon - Explained in Punjabi Part 1
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pn1BvA_KcAs
 
Training for a Marathon - Explained in Punjabi Part 2
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7YTQd-k2ow
 
Infrastructure and Environmental Issues in Punjab, India - Part 1.wmv
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukt8RoeKb4o
 
Introduction to Movie Making and Broadcasting in Punjabi
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vg-ZE5B9Wic
 
Closing Remarks on IT Presentation in Punjabi .wmv   
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sS8calapUG8
 

Infrastructure Issues in Punjab

The infrastructure in Punjab is far from being desired especially roads, pollution, water supply, sanitation and electricity. The following notes are experiences of most visitors (NRIs) who visit Punjab on a regular basis.  

1. Electricity

 

Most villages do not have power supply during the day which includes schools and small hospitals or clinics. If ever there is power it is only at night. This leaves little choice especially for institutions or organization that would need power continuously through out the day such as banks, hospitals, schools – but to mobilise their own generators as an alternative source. India being a net importer of oil, the cost of running a generator is expensive or only the elite could afford it. Part of this problem is attributed to the perception of general population that they should not pay for the electricity; the mindset of people has to be changed so that they understand that you got to pay for services provided. While India is facing a power crunch, they should be looking at alternative sources especially solar and wind which has been widely used in most parts of Europe.

 

2. Water Supply

 

Over the years the water table has dropped significantly in most parts of Punjab. There was a time in 1960s farmers were able to extract water using manual methods, i.e. bulls used to turn the buckets (Halts/Thindhas), the depth of water was approximately 10m. The current water table is generally now at 30m which is extracted by electrical motors. However, the situation has further deteriorated that the centrifugal pumps are now being changed to submersible pumps as the capacity of this pumps are lower. In spite of changing to submersible pumps (in Punjabi is called Machi Pump), the power cables are not able to provide sufficient power as the diameter of the cables are the same, which results to an overload.

 

Drinking water is similarly in dire states so much so that most villages have elevated water tanks which extract water from a depth of about 100m. The depth of drinking water has increased partly due to the infiltration of chemicals (nitrates, phosphates etc.) into the ground water table.

 

Thus, the situation of drinking water and irrigation of farms in Punjab would only worsen unless remedial measures are put in place in more systematic manner. Some of the measures include - educating the population in controlling wastages, building or to bund lakes for long term storage, dispersing water from the 5 major rivers so that its usage is maximised.

  

3. Sanitation

 

India in general lacks proper sanitation where water borne diseases such as diarrhea, cholera etc. are rampant in most parts of the country. It has been reported that over 700million people have no access to basic sanitation, i.e. three out of four Indians.

 

Small townships or villages need a proper sewage system whereby wastewater  discharged from households are channeled into a piping system which eventually goes into a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). Proper standards need to be established for the effluent that leaves the STP so that the water that goes back into rivers does not have microorganism or chemicals that could cause harm to people.

 

Punjab would need installation of toilets known as the Sulabh – a twin pit, pour flush toilet developed by Sulabh Sanitation Movement which requires 1.5 liters to flush instead of 10 liters.

 

4. Roads and Pollution

 

The general road situation in Punjab is below par as compared to most developing economies such as China, Russia and Brazil. The road width and road base does not meet the normal standards adopted globally, in which roads are not wide enough to cater for two way traffic. The minimum standards are 7m of pavement with earth shoulder of 3m on each side. The continuous plying of buses on heavy lorries on these roads, rendered the road to be riddled with potholes and undulation. Maintenance is generally lacking  which leads to broken and damaged roads. The pollution of the environment is in a way related to the maintenance of the roads. The breakup of the blacktop surface exposes the earth which pollutes the environment when vehicles travel on the roads.

 

Flowers - varity of species and colors at a Sikh Temple. The dates shown on some of the pictures are incorrect, should be end March 2010.

Rich In Architecture - Domes and Fascade of Sikh Temples and white signifies pure, peace and calm.

The Golden Temple, Amritsar. The four doors to the temple symbolises that it's open to the entire humanity. The only requirement is that one must cover his/her head and must not be intoxicated.

Perimeter of the Golden Temple is about 600m, there is a causeway that leads from this perimeter
to the Golden Temple. Please visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmandir_Sahib for further information.

A smaller replica of a Hindu Temple - Durgiana Mander built about 2km away from the Golden Temple.

Visited the temple with 2 cousins from Canada (Taranjit Kaur and Gurkirat Kaur)

Typical farmland in a village in Punjab. No portion of the land is left uncultivated. During winters - main crop is wheat and vegetables such as cauliflower, potatos etc. and summers is rice.

Wheat  has almost reached it's final stage, harvest is in mid April which coincides with Vaisakhi celebration.

Water extraction with tube wells and submersible pumps.  Depletion of water with water table
going deeper has become a serious issue not only in Punjab but worldwide.

The village head (or called Serpanch) Charnjit Singh showing a clove of garlic.

Activites such as horse riding, cricket, kabadi (wrestling) are some common sports in villages.

Beside cultivation, dairy products are also a main source of export from Punjab.

30 Comment(s).

Posted by Verizon Customer Care Number:

Verizon email is a fantastic and outstanding email service that is provided by Verizon communication, which was established by Bell Atlantic. Providing mind-blowing features to their clients in their very first year, they effectively grab the optimum popularity and also gain massive business revenue. From that time, this Email Customer Care becomes the audience most favorite, and numerous clients preferred this email service for their business and communication. There are lots of attractive features that this email service gives to the clients, which have effectively helped this service grow across the world. This email service gives the clients with a quick email, large online storage capacity, good in class security, etc.
Wednesday, January 15th 2020 @ 7:46 PM

Posted by Happytosupport:

Posted by Training Courses in Iraq:

Hello!
To work on an organization or in case, you are running an organization, then you should arrange training courses in Iraq once in a month.
Tuesday, January 14th 2020 @ 9:58 PM

Posted by https://www.impactchiropracticmarketing.com/:

Thanks
Monday, January 6th 2020 @ 11:15 PM

Posted by How do I contact outlook by phone?:

Ohhh! Waw post. I like it. You choose exactly what I wanted to read. Kindle post some more topics like traveling. I am eager to read your new post. If you are using Outlook and need and help and information then visit on my Outlook customer service web page.
Thanks
Monday, December 30th 2019 @ 1:37 PM

Posted by Falcon And Winter Soldier:

Daniel Bruhl’s Zemo Returns In The Falcon And The Winter Soldier, According To Set Pictures

Daniel Bruhl makes his return as Baron Zemo in the brand-new set photos of The Falcon And Winter Soldier. The Disney Plus series is currently under production in Atlanta. Moreover, it is said to be one of the most awaited series in Phase 4 of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Falcon And Winter Soldier is also the first Marvel Studios series for the Disney Plus platform. According to sources, the show will additionally feature the return of the Captain America: Civil War villain, Helmut Zemo.
Actor Daniel Bruhl is set to reprise his role as Zemo in the series. Furthermore, he will also be seen wearing the iconic purple mask, which we found out about at the 2019 SDCC. Zemo saw his family die during the Age of Ultron events in Sokovia. To read more about this visit our website
Saturday, December 28th 2019 @ 12:15 AM

Posted by alnindo:

Posted by mcafee antivirus support:

Mygeekshelp is the leading computer repair and IT services company located in New york, we also help for antivirus and printer issues. If you are looking for help with McAfee, then contact McAfee antivirus support to fix the McAfee issues.
Monday, December 23rd 2019 @ 9:28 AM

Posted by Restaurant Fit Out Dubai:

Punjabi's are really kind and loving from heart. I have some Punjabi friends and I can always count on them!:)
Friday, December 20th 2019 @ 10:17 PM

Posted by Garmin map updates:

I am a regular user of Garmin GPS device and using it from 3-4 years, so I have old version of Garmin updater. I don’t have complete knowledge about the latest version of Garmin map updates. I don’t have ideas to the newest Garmin maps. I am very confused to get the latest Garmin map updates. So, I am looking for expert’s help for this concern. So someone can help me to get the newest Garmin map update. Can you guide me to obtain the newest updates of Garmin maps?
Wednesday, December 18th 2019 @ 1:28 AM

Posted by Bunga Cikarang:

Very good for your writing, dreams are something that will definitely get tomorrow, if we always pray and work.
Sunday, December 15th 2019 @ 5:39 PM

Posted by lovely rani:

Hello guys, looking to enjoy a Delhi escort with fantastic body shape? I am Lovely Rani, a passionate Delhi babe, ready to fulfill all your dreams and aspirations. My breasts are fabulous and buttocks are naturally round. My arms and legs are in proper alignment with the rest of the body, making my overall personality, an impressive one. If you hire me, many benefits are associated with it. I will not only be happy to fulfill your demands, irrespective of how bizarre they are, but I am also a good companion too. For me, sex does not mean going between the legs or leaning on someone. I provide satisfaction in totality and completeness. Don't worry; if you are too busy to mingle, I am here to satisfy all your sexual fantasies, no matter how weird are they. With me in your bed, you enjoy a lot of varieties. I am ready to kiss and fondle every part of you that arouse and put you on. Hiring a Delhi call girl like me provides you with an opportunity or a life-time experience. With me, you will definitely get much better results than you want. I consider my clients as valued customers and becomes a friend of theirs. I always look forward to seeing, my clients again and come around. With me, you will take out the best escort experience of your life. I offer a variety of companionship, from someone to talk with to, to sexual pleasures. Many of my clients are regular and we know each other very well.

Our Partner links

Delhi escort
chandigarh escort
Chandigarh Escorts

Delhi Escorts
Delhi Escorts Service
Delhi Call Girls
Independent Delhi Escorts
Independent Mumbai Escorts
Chandigarh
Friday, November 29th 2019 @ 11:03 PM

Posted by Outlook.office:

Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love learning more on this topic. It is extremely helpful for me.
Thanks
Friday, November 29th 2019 @ 9:25 AM

Posted by ATT Email:

Nice Blog, I am Alina Stevens from New York. I am a professional writer, nowadays I am writing blogs for troubleshooting technical glitches.
Wednesday, November 27th 2019 @ 4:54 AM

Posted by United Airline Flights:

Posted by Matrimony sites:

hi, Awesome write-up helpful data regarding my study and knowledge about Tarot Spread
Thursday, November 21st 2019 @ 3:23 AM

Posted by ashutoshweb3:

Posted by ashutoshweb3:

Posted by ashutoshweb3:

Posted by ashutoshweb3:

Posted by ashutoshweb3:

Posted by ashutoshweb3:

Posted by شركات الإعلان في دبي:

هل تكافح حقًا ضد دعم العملاء غير الكافي حتى تحصل على المنتج الذي تحتاجه؟ حسنًا ، يجب ألا تفكر أكثر في ذلك لأن التسويق المستمر المستمر يوفر لك الطريقة الصحيحة للعثور على أفضل النتائج. قبل بضعة عقود ، اعتقد الكثير من الناس أنهم كانوا يقومون بإعداد منشورات للمنتج المعني وتخصيصه في الشارع المقيد. من خلال القيام بذلك ، يمكنك التحكم الكامل في العملاء المحليين. بمرور الوقت ، يتحول اتجاه التسويق غير المتصل بالإنترنت إلى عمل تجاري عبر الإنترنت. هذه طريقة رائعة لتوصيل شركات الإعلان في دبي التي تساعد على جلب عميل عالمي إلى مركز البيع بالتجزئة الخاص بك. لمزيد من المعلومات ، يمكنك تصفح عنوان الويب الخاص بنا
Tuesday, November 19th 2019 @ 8:56 PM

Posted by jaya:

Posted by komal:

Posted by jaya:

Posted by ncie:

Posted by chari:

Posted by cxvcx:

https://www.google.com xxx [url=www.google.com]BB[/url] keyword
Tuesday, November 19th 2019 @ 1:31 AM

Posted by vastu products:

Awesome write-up. I am a normal visitor of your site and appreciate you taking the time to maintain the nice site. thanks for you to give such a nice lesson https://devotionalkart.com/product-category/vastu-products/
Sunday, November 17th 2019 @ 10:48 PM

Post New Comment

No Smilies More Smilies »